The Youngstown Variant
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Contents Basic Rules
Basic Rules
Map Notes
Design Notes

(Thanks to
Thor Hovden
for creating
this page!)

  1. The normal rules of the game of Diplomacy apply, with the following additions and clarifications.
  2. The standard map is replaced by the "Youngstown" variant map, spanning Europe, Asia, and parts of Africa.
  3. There are three new great powers -- China, India and Japan -- as well as some adjustments to the original seven powers. The Indian player must use the letter "N" rather than "I" when signing on since "I" is reserved for Italy. The new starting units are as follows:

    Austria-Hungary Army
    Budapest
    Army
    Vienna
    Army
    Klug
    Fleet
    Trieste
    China Fleet
    Canton
    Army
    Hankow
    Army
    Peking
    England Fleet
    Edinburgh
    Fleet
    London
    Fleet
    Joharra
    Fleet
    Liverpool
    France Fleet
    Brest
    Fleet
    Saigon
    Army
    Paris
    Army
    Marseilles
    Germany Army
    Berlin
    Army
    Munich
    Army
    Posen
    Fleet
    Kiel
    India Army
    Calcutta
    Army
    Delhi
    Fleet
    Madras
    Italy Army
    Venice
    Army
    Rome
    Fleet
    Naples
    Fleet
    Mogadiscio
    Japan Fleet
    Tokyo
    Fleet
    Kyoto
    Fleet
    Osaka
    Russia Army
    Warsaw
    Army
    Moscow
    Army
    Omsk
    Fleet
    Sevastopol
    Fleet
    St.Petersburg/sc
    Fleet
    Vladivostok
    Turkey Fleet
    Ankara
    Army
    Baghdad
    Army
    Smyrna
    Army
    Constantinople

    England, France and Italy are free to build new units at their respective colony territories (Joharra, Saigon, and Mogadiscio) with the same restrictions as regular home centers.

  4. There are seventy-two supply centers on the board. The winner is the power which holds 37 or more supply centers during an adjustment phase. A draw may also be declared by consent of all players.
Map Notes

  1. Impassable areas No unit may enter Switzerland or the Himalayas. The body of water in the center of the map is the Caspian Sea and is intentionally left unlabeled and cannot be entered. No unit may enter the zone marked "Impassable" north of Russia.

  2. Coastal Icebreaker Fleets may move along the coast of Omsk (icebreakers did exist in those days).

  3. Off-board areas Surrounding the edge of the map are "off-board" boxes. The boxes are referred to as follows. The box in the North Atlantic is known as "Offboard A", the box in the Mid-Atlantic as "Offboard B", etc., counterclockwise to "Offboard L", in the North Pacific. Movement into and out of off-board boxes is covered by the following rules:
    1. Any unit in an area that contains an off-board box may move into that box as though moving to a normal sea area or province. Any unit in an off-board box may move into the sea area or province that contains the off-board box.
           Example:
           English F NAt -> ObA
           Japan F ObK -> SPO

      Off-board box C is contained within the South Atlantic. This is indicated by an arrow since there is not enough room in that space for the box.
    2. A unit in an off-board box may move to any off-board box whose letter appears in the off-board box where the unit is located.
           Example:
           French F ObB -> ObC
           India F ObH -> ObG

    3. Off-board boxes are treated as normal sea areas or provinces. Hence, only one unit may be present in an off-board box.
    4. Support orders and convoy orders apply to off-board boxes.
           Example:
           Japan
           F NPa C A Tok -> Ire
           F ObL C A Tok -> Ire
           F ObA C A Tok -> Ire
           F NAt C A Tok -> Ire
           A Tok -> NPa -> ObL -> ObA -> NAt -> Ire
           England
           F ObB -> ObK
           F ObJ S F ObB -> ObK
    5. Fleets may move to any off-board box with the exception of the inland African boxes (boxes E and F, located in Sudan and the Sahara). A fleet in either of the other African off-board boxes (boxes D and G, located in Morocco and East Africa) is considered to be on the coast of the African continent, and may not participate in convoys.
    6. Armies may move only to the four off-board boxes located in Africa (boxes D, E, F, and G), but may be convoyed by fleets through any of the other off-board boxes.

  4. The Suez The Suez is a water space contained within Egypt that provides a route between the Red Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean. The Suez is adjacent to the Eastern Mediterranean, the Red Sea, and the north and east coasts of Egypt. It is not adjacent to either coast of Jordan. The Suez does not separate Egypt from Jordan or affect the adjacency between those two spaces. Jordan's north coast is adjacent to Egypt's north coast and Jordan's west coast is adjacent to Egypt's east coast. Units may move between Egypt and Jordan regardless of whether or not there is a fleet in the Suez and fleets may move into the Suez regardless of whether or not there is a unit present in Egypt. Fleets in the Suez may convoy armies.

Design Notes

Youngstown is named after the city in Ohio where the variant was created and first played. It is regarded by many as the oldest Diplomacy variant.

The Youngstown variant played on the DPjudge is named Youngstown IVa in the Variant Bank. This variant was created by Rod Walker, A. Phillips, Ken Lowe, and Jon Monsarret.

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